Oregon Hop Commission

Oregon Hop Commission - Hop Varieties

Hop Varieties

Below are the hop varieties that are grown in Oregon. Click on each variety to see a short description of the hop characteristics.

Fuggle
Fuggle

Pedigree: A chance seedling selected in 1875 in England. Virtually identical to Styrian from Austria/Germany or Savinja Golding from Yugoslavia.

Maturity: Early to Middle August

Yield: 800-1100 lb./ac. or

Disease Reaction: Not seriously affected by Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus. Resistant to downy mildew. Not excessively sensitive to insects.

Cone-Structure: Small and rather light, medium compact

Aroma: Mild, spicy, woody

Storagae Stability: Good

Additional Information: Fuggle is the mother of selection USDA 21003, the tetraplioid Fuggle which gave rise to the Willamette hop variety.

Cascade
Cascade

Pedigree: Developed by USDA from a open pollination of a Fuggle seedling selected in 1956. Released in 1972. Cascade is the #1 Craft Beer variety in the U.S.

Maturity: Late August

Yield: 1600 – 2000 lbs/acre

Disease Reaction: Downy mildew resistant in crown, moderately susceptible in shoots and cone flowers. Moderately resistant to Verticillium wilt.

Cone Structure: Compact, medium sized

Aroma: Citrus, floral, grapefruit and spicy

Storage Stability: Poor

Liberty
Liberty

Pedigree: This variety was developed by USDA in Corvallis  in 1983 and released in 1991. It is a cross between tetraploid female hop cultivar Hallertauer mittelfruh and downy mildew resistant male and naturally seedless.

Maturity: Late August through September

Yield: 1000-1700 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderately resistant to downy mildew - no Verticillium wilt symptoms observed in test plots.

Cone-Structure: Smallish plump, quite dense cones

Aroma Characteristics: Mild, spicy, floral

Storage Stability: Fair 

Mount Hood
Mount Hood

Pedigree: 1990 - A Triploid seedling from a cross between tetraploid Hallertauer variety and a downy mildew resistant male, naturally seedless. Mount Hood is a sister to Liberty.

Maturity: Mid August through Early September

Yield: 1200-1600 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderately resistant to downy mildew. 

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Poor

Aroma Characteristics: Mild and somwhat pungent

Nugget
Nugget

Pedigree: Developed by the USDA  public breeding program in Corvallis in 1970 and released in 1984.

Maturity: Early-Mid September

Yield: 2000-2400 pounds per acre 

Disease Reaction: Little visual reaction to infection with Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus. Moderate to good resistance to downy mildew.

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Excellent

Aroma Characteristics: Nugget works very well as a dual purpose hop with a mild pleasant herbal aroma and alpha acids averaging 11.5-14.0%, it is considered a high alpha hop.

Perle
Perle

Pedigree: Developed at the German Institute for Hop Researcher neavh Wolnzach,Germany. From the English Northern Brewer variety and a and a disease resistant German male.

Maturity: Mid August 

Yield: 1160-1600 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Mainly tolerant to Prunus necrotic ring-spot virus infection. Fairly resistant to downy mildew. Tolerent to most diseases.

Cone-Structure: Fairly loose, small/medium-long

Storage Stability: Excellent

Aroma Characteristics: Herbal, Spicy

Willamette
Willamette

Pedigree: Developed by the USDA breeding program in Corvallis in 1967 and realeased in 1977. Willamette is the tripoloid daughter of Fuggle.

Maturity: Mid-Late August

Yield: 1700-2000 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Resistant to Downey Mildew

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Good

Aroma Characteristics: Mild, pleasant, slightly spicy

Crystal
Crystal

Pedigree: Developed by USDA in Corvallis in 1983 from the German variety Hallertauer Mittelfruh with contributions from Cascade and Brewers Gold. Crystal is a triploid varity and was release in 1993. 

Maturity: Late August to Early September

Yield: 1800-2200 pounds per acre

Diease Reaction: Moderatly susceptible to downey mildew

Cone Structure: 

Storage Stability: Poor

Aroma Characteristics: Mild, Spicy, Floral

Centennial
Centennial

Pedigree: Developed by the USDA hop breeding program in Prosser, WA in 1974 and released in 1990. 

Maturity: Early August

Yield: 1600-1900 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderately resistant to Downy Mildew

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Fair

Aroma Characteristics: Floral and Citrus

Golding
Golding

Pedigree: East Kent Golding, developed in the UK

Maturity: Mid August

Yeild: 1400 - 1800 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderatly resistant to Downy Mildew and Powdery Mildew

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Good

Aroma Characteristics: Classic, mild, english type hop

Sterling
Sterling

Pedigree: Developed by the USDA breeding program in Corvallis in 1991. Sterling has Saaz, Cascade and Brewers Gold in its background. It was released in 1998.

Maturity: Late August - Early September

Yield: 1,800 - 2,000 lbs per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderately resistant to both downy and powdery mildew

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Good

Aroma Characteristics: Herbal, spicy, floral, citrus

Tettnanger
Tettnanger

Pedigree: Selected in the German Tettnanger area from an old landrace variety

Maturity: Early August

Yield: 1100 - 1400 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderatly resistant to downy mildew

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Poor

Aroma Characteristics: Mild, pleasant, slightly spicy

Super Galena
Super Galena

Pedigree: Super Galena™ was developed by Hopsteiner and released in 2006. It is a super high alpha variety with Galena in its background

Maturity: Mid-Late September

Yield: 2,200 - 2,400 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Susceptible to Downy Mildew and Powdery Mildew

Cone Structure:

Storage Stability: Excellent

Aroma Characteristics: Super Galena is a super high alpha hop with average Alpha acids of 13.0-16.0%. It does have a fruity and spicy aroma

Magnum
Magnum

Pedigree: Released by Hull Hop Research Center in Germany in 1980.

Maturity: Early September

Yield: 2,000-2,300 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: High tolerance to Downy and Powdery Mildew

Cone Structure: Large, heavy cone

Aroma: Spicy with some fuit charicteristics

Storage Stability: Very Good

Columbia
Columbia

Pedigree: Developed by the USDA public breeding program in 1967 from a tetraploid Fuggle. Columbia ia a sister to Willamette.

Maturity: Early September

Yield: 1,800-2,200 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Resistant to Downy Mildew and Verticilium Wilt

Cone Structure:

Aroma: Earthy, Fruity

Storage Stability: Very Good

Saaz
Saaz

Pedigree: A famus ladrace variety developed in the Saaz are of Czechoslovakia.

Maturity:Mid August

Yeild: 800-1,000 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction:

Cone Structure:

Aroma: Very mild noble hop aroma

Storage Stability: Poor

 

Hallertau
Hallertau

Pedigree: Traditional German variety developed in the Hallertau area of Germany

Maturity: Mid August

Yeild: 1,600-1,900 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Resistant to Downy Mildew and somewhat resistant to Powdery Mildew

Cone Structure:

Aroma: Classic noble aroma

Storage Stability: Poor

Santiam
Santiam

Pedigree: Developed byt the USDA public breeding program in 1988 and relased for commercial production in 1997. It is a daughter of Tettnanger.

Maturity:Late August

Yeild: 1,400 - 2,100 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Tolerant to downy mildew but susceptible to powdery mildew and verticillium wilt

Cone Structure:

Aroma:Herbal, noble type aroma

Storage Stability: Poor

Chinook
Chinook

Pedigree: Developed by the USDA public breeding program in Posser, WA in 1974 and released in 1985 for commercial production. Chinook is a daughter of Golding and Brewers Gold.

Maturity: Early September

Yeild: 1,800-2,400 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderately resistant to downy mildew

Cone Structure:

Aroma: Spicy, Piney, Grapefruit

Storage Stability: Good

Citra
Citra

Pedigree: Citra™ is a new aroma hop variety released by the Hop Breeding Company. It is a daughter of Hallertau and Tettnanger

Maturity: Mid-September

Yield:

Disease Reaction:

Cone Structure:

Aroma: Very fruity and citrusy

Storage Stability: Fair

Horizon
Horizon

Pedigree: Developed by the USDA public breeding program in Corvallis in 1970 but not released for commercial production until 1997. Horizon is a daugter of Brewers Gold and a half sister to Nugget.

Maturity: Early September

Yeild: 1,800-2,000 pounds per acre

Disease Reaction: Moderatley susceptible to downy mildew

Cone Structure:

Aroma: Floral and spicy

Storage Stability: Good